GRC设计的基础规定

产品名称:GRC设计的基础规定

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GRC设计的基础规定
GRC design basis

一、GRC外墙装饰构件的设计工作

1.建筑立面设计(即构件应用设计)。
2.构件与建筑物连接节点设计。
3.构件设计。
GRC外墙装饰构件的设计和应用设计必须符合国家有关的建筑与结构的规范要求。建筑立面设计与构件选用

First, GRC exterior wall decoration components of the design work

1. Building facade design (ie, component design).
2. Component and building connection node design.
3. Component design.
GRC exterior wall design and application design must comply with the relevant national building and structural specifications. Building facade design and component selection
 


二、GRC外墙装饰构件的建筑立面设计要求
1.满足建筑物使用功能的要求。
2.与建筑物所在环境协调。
3.美观、和谐、风格统一。
4.比例正确、尺度合适。
5.技术可行、安装方便。
6.经济合理。

Second, GRC exterior decorative components of the building facade design requirements
1. Meet the requirements of building use function.
2. Coordinate with the environment in which the building is located.
3. beautiful, harmonious, style unity.
4. The ratio is correct and the scale is appropriate.
5. Technology is feasible and easy to install.
6. Economical and reasonable.



三、构件应用设计须给出详细的施工图、节点图
1.构件类型、品种、规格、质感、颜色。
2.构件使用的部位与数量。
3.构件的组合排列与接缝方式。
4.构件的收口处理。

Third, the application of components to be given a detailed design drawings, node map

1. Component type, variety, size, texture, color.
2. The number and number of parts used.
3. Combination of components and seams way.
4. Component of the mouth closed processing.



四、横向连续构件(如檐线、腰线)与转角处的处理方式
1.确定构件连接处缝隙。考虑到干湿变形和温度变形因素,水平连续构件之   间必须留有伸缩缝。单根长度不大于2m的构件其伸缩缝宽不小于5mm。单根长度2m以上的构件,伸缩缝宽应为5—10mm。
2.构件间缝隙处理的方式有三种:
(1)明缝。类似真石材构件,保持自然接缝效果。
(2)半明缝。用橡胶条(或塑料条)塞缝,建筑密封胶嵌缝。
(3)暗缝。用橡胶条(或塑料条)塞缝,建筑密封胶嵌缝后刮腻子,刷涂料, 使接缝处与构件表面一致。

备注:半明缝和暗缝处理时不得使用水泥砂浆嵌缝。
3.必须根据建筑物轴线尺寸、门窗洞位置、墙体转角变化情况和墙体伸缩缝(沉降缝)的位置等因素来确定每个构件的长度,使构件的连接缝位置与建筑物立面统一协调对称。且构件的大小适于制做与安装。水平构件长度范围可在1.2—2.4m之间。
4.建筑物转角处的水平构件须设计成阴阳角构件,不得使用构件切割拼接。阴阳角单边长度可在0.3—1.2m之间。

Fourth, horizontal continuous components (such as eaves line, waist line) and the corner of the treatment

1. Determine the gap at the component connection.Taking into account the wet and dry deformation and temperature deformation factors, horizontal continuous components must be between the expansion joints.Single length of not more than 2m of the components of its expansion joints width of not less than 5mm. Single length of more than 2m components, expansion joints should be 5-10mm wide.
2.There are three ways of gap handling between components:
(1) clear seam. Similar to the real stone components, to maintain the natural seam effect.
(2) half clear seam. With rubber strips (or plastic strips) seams, building sealant caulks.
(3) dark seam. With rubber strips (or plastic strips) seams, building sealant caulking after scraping putty, brush paint, so that the seams and components on the same surface.
(Note: semi-clear seam and dark seam treatment should not use cement mortar caulking.)
3. The length of each component must be determined by the factors such as the size of the building's axis, the position of the door and window, the change of the corner of the wall and the position of the wall expansion joint (settlement slit), so that the connecting seam position of the component and the building facade Harmonized symmetrical symmetry.And the size of the component is suitable for making and installing. Horizontal component length range can be between 1.2-2.4m.
4. The horizontal members at the corner of the building shall be designed as male and female corners and shall not be used for splicing. The length of the yin and yang angle can be between 0.3-1.2m.



五、纵向连续构件(如柱、竖向线套等)的长度、接缝方式。
1.根据立面效果要求、结构条件和制造、运输、安装构件的条件确定纵向连续构件每段构件的长度。纵向构件单根长度一般可在1.2—3.6m之间。直径大于800的柱子如运输安装具备条件,也可做成5—6m长,以避免或减少裂缝。
2.纵向连续构件连接处的缝隙宽度与处理方式与水平连续构件相同。
3.纵向连续构件的分段设计应避免将上层构件的重量传递给下层构件。
4.纵向构件不能跨伸缩缝(沉降缝)设置。

Fifth, the length of continuous continuous components (such as columns, vertical sets, etc.) length, seam way.
1. Determine the length of each component of the longitudinal continuous member according to the conditions of the facade, the structural conditions and the conditions of manufacture, transportation and installation. The longitudinal length of a single member is generally between 1.2 and 3.6 m. A column with a diameter greater than 800, such as a transport installation, can also be made to 5-6 m long to avoid or reduce cracks.
2. The width of the slit longitudinally continuous handling member connected at the same horizontal continuous member.
3. The longitudinal design of the longitudinal continuous member shall avoid the transmission of the weight of the upper layer member to the lower member.
4. The longitudinal members can not be set across the expansion joints (settling joints).



六、组合构件

(如门窗套、组合山花、由柱与线脚组成的柱廊等)应保证构件间的比例关系合适,逻辑关系合理,接缝处理可与水平连续构件相同。平面连续构件(如山泰石、连续铺设的装饰板等)须根据建筑立面的详细尺寸绘制构件排列图,确定构件的横缝竖缝的位置与缝宽(缝宽可选10—30mm)。计算因错缝和收口所需要的非规则构件的详细尺寸与数量,以避免现场剪裁切割构件。平面连续构件在建筑物伸缩缝(沉降缝)处须断开。

Six, the combination of components

(Such as the door and window sets, the combination of mountain flowers, columns and feet from the composition of the colonnade, etc.) should ensure that the proportion between the components of the appropriate relationship between the logical relationship is reasonable, seam processing can be the same with the horizontal continuous components.Flat continuous components (such as mountain tai stone, continuous laying of the decorative panels, etc.) shall be based on the detailed dimensions of the building facade drawing components to determine the structure of the transverse joints of the joints and the width of the joints (slot width optional 10-30mm).Calculate the detailed size and quantity of the irregularities required for stitching and closing, so as to avoid cutting the cutting members on site. The planar continuous member shall be disconnected at the building expansion joint (sinker).
 


七、构件与墙体的连接
1.构件与墙面连接。
(1)无防水要求,可用水泥砂浆填抹。
(2)有防水要求,须用建筑密封胶嵌缝或其它防水材料处理。
2.构件与墙体变化处的连接处(如檐口、窗口、门口、阳台、雨蓬、落水口、墙面突变处和转角处)应根据实际情况设计详细节点。在边缘部位要特别注意安装螺栓将墙体劈开的可能性,因此,构件的位置确定须保证安装螺栓距边缘有一定的距离。
3.落水管、外挂设备(如空调机)与构件的关系。

Seven, the connection of components and walls
1. The component is connected to the wall.

  (1) no waterproof requirements, available cement mortar to fill.
  (2) there are waterproof requirements, to be used to seal the seal or other waterproof material.
2. The connection between the component and the wall change (such as cornice, window, door, balcony, rain Peng, water outlet, wall mutations and corners) should be based on the actual design of detailed nodes. In the edge of the site to pay special attention to the installation of bolts to split the possibility of the wall, so the location of the components to ensure that the installation of the bolt from the edge to ensure a certain distance.
3. The relationship between falling water pipes, plug-in equipment (such as air conditioners) and components.



八、突出墙面有积水可能的构件应考虑排水坡度

骑墙构件可排向屋面,附墙构件应排向墙外,构件顶面排水坡度应不少于3%。对于加气混凝土、空心砌块、轻质墙板和空心砖等轻质墙基体和旧建筑已经酥松或空鼓的墙体,设计立面和选用构件必须考虑墙体结构的安全性与可靠性,做出相应的结构设计与处理方案。

Eight, highlight the wall with water may be the components of the drainage should consider the slope.
The wall members can be routed to the roof, with wall members should be discharged to the wall, the top surface drainage slope should be not less than 3%.For aerated concrete, hollow blocks, lightweight wall panels and hollow bricks and other lightweight walls and old buildings have been crisp or hollowed out of the wall, the design facade and optional components must consider the wall structure of the safety and reliability, To make the corresponding structural design and treatment program.

 

 

 

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